Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families has a role to play in safeguarding children. School and college staff are particularly important as they are in a position to identify concerns early and provide help for children, to prevent concerns from escalating. Schools and colleges and their staff form part of the wider safeguarding system for children. (Keeping Children Safe in Education – DFE 2016)
The DSP, Head Teacher and governing body should consider the following areas (request safeguarding audit document) in order to establish whether the school policies and procedures effectively safeguard children. Supporting evidence must be provided for each indicator. All identified actions should have an indicative timescale.
The words ‘safeguarding’ and ‘child protection’ are often used interchangeably, but they have distinct meanings. Safeguarding is what we are doing for all our children; child protection refers to the policy and procedures we have for referring and supporting children at risk of serious harm, or who have been seriously harmed. The definition of safeguarding is given in ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’, paragraph 4, and yet many people I ask do not easily refer to the four key elements.
‘Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined for the purposes of this guidance as:
- protecting children from maltreatment;
- preventing impairment of children’s health or development;
- ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; and
- taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes.’
Interestingly, the last bullet point makes the definition into a pro-active one: if you’re concerned about the other three, do something about it.
The annual checklist needs to be completed by all members of the safeguarding team jointly (i.e. the DSP, Headteacher and Governing Body).
It has been developed to align it with the following statutory guidance and inspection frameworks:
- Working Together to Safeguarding Children (DFE 2015)
- Keeping Children Safe in Education (DfE 2016)
- Ofsted Framework for School Inspection and the School Inspection Handbook (April 2014)
Keeping Children Safe in Education 2018 – The government has published the latest update to Keeping Children Safe in Education, which will come in to force on 3rd September 2018. The DfE are at pains to say that this document is ‘For Information Only’, and schools should continue to refer to Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016. Download the Keeping Children Safe in Education (2018) guidance here: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/707761/Keeping_Children_Safe_in_Education_-_September_2018.pdf
This document has been produced by the CAM Team who can be contacted on firstname.lastname@example.org. This is for school use as an auditing tool.
Please also check the latest documents for Safeguarding. We will be uploading key notes every month.
Domestic Abuse and the Football World Cup
In 2016, the BBC Radio 4’s Thinking Allowed programme also covered this issue, when host Laurie Taylor spoke to Jodie Swallow, from the University of Chester, about her research. Jodie explains, “My study revealed the women endured a range of harms, including physical, sexual and economic abuse, as well as coercive and controlling behaviours. While the abuse wasn’t limited to sport, sport was a means through which their fanatical partners exerted power and maintained control over them.” The programme is still available on iplayer here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07hgcq0
To raise awareness of domestic abuse, anti-social behaviour and racist abuse, Suffolk police have created posters that you can download below
Domestic violence World Cup Poster – Domestic Abuse (PDF 1.2 MB)
Don’t Drink and Drive World Cup Poster – don’t drink drive (PDF 1.4 MB)
Say No to Racism World Cup – Say no to racism (PDF 1.7 MB)
National Domestic Abuse Helpline 0808 2000 247 (24 hours)
Women’s Aid Website for children and young people
Bullying: Research report (DfE)
In 2015, the study interviewed 10,010 young people in year 11. In the report, their responses to questions about bullying are compared with the answers they gave the previous year when they were in year 10. Their responses are also compared with those of an earlier cohort of young people who were in year 11 in 2006.
Overall, a significantly smaller proportion of year 11 pupils in 2015 reported having been bullied in the last 12 months than the same pupils did the year before, when they were in year 10. The overall bullying rate fell from 37% in year 10 to 30% in year 11.
Name calling remains the most common type of bullying (15%), although social exclusion, such as being excluded from a group of friends or activities, is experienced by almost as many young people (14%). Violent bullying has reduced between 2006 and 2015, with a smaller proportion of young people reporting threats of violence (14% to 10%) and actual violence (10% to 6%).
Bullying: Case Studies and Good Practice examples
To accompany the research report, the DfE have published ‘Approaches to preventing and tackling bullying: Case studies’ (DfE, June 2018)
There is some evidence to suggest that bullying as an issue has improved for specific age groups. Overall, a significantly smaller proportion of year 10 students in 2014 said that they had been bullied in the last 12 months when compared with the equivalent age group in 2005. However, research shows that bullying does remains a problem for some pupils. The ‘Pupils and their parents and carers’ (DfE, 2017) showed that out of 1,847 year 7 to 13 pupils, nearly half (45%) felt they had been bullied in the previous 12 months. In the same study, just under two thirds of pupils (63%) said they had seen someone else being bullied at school in the past 12 months.
Common strategies to tackle and prevent bullying
- Whole school approach
- Focus on preventative practices
- Creating an inclusive ethos/environment
- Keeping anti-bullying high profile
- Engaging and empowering pupils
- A rapid response to bullying incidents
- Engaging parents/carers
- Keeping up to date with online trends
- Dealing with incidents which occur outside school
- Collaborating with other schools across phases
- Engaging staff
Bullying Support Resources
New Definition of Bullying
A YouGov poll revealed that 72% of GB children, aged 13-17 years, agreed that the definition of ‘bully’ should be updated. After campaigning by the Diana Award, Google, Collins, Dictionary.com, Oxford Dictionaries and the Cambridge Dictionary have change their definition of bullying.
The original definition contrasted bullies as ‘strong’ and their victims as ‘weak’, but the new definition instead talks of vulnerability.
Bully n. a person who uses strength or influence to harm or intimidate those who are weaker.
Bully n. a person who habitually seeks to harm or intimidate those whom they perceive as vulnerable.
NSPCC ‘How safe are our children?’ 2018
The NSPCC’s annual report, ‘How safe are our children’ compiles and analyses the most robust and up-to-date child protection data that exists across the 4 nations in the UK.
The charity has been consolidating the national data for the last five years and consistently looks at the same indicators each year, to track changes over time.
Key points include:
- There have been increases in police-recorded child sexual offences across the UK, and increases in child cruelty and neglect offences in all UK nations except Scotland.
- The last decade has also seen increased numbers of children on child protection plans and registers.
- Almost a quarter of young people were contacted online by an adult they did not know; and
- Since the offence of communicating indecently with a child was introduced in England and Wales in April 2017, over 3,000 crimes have been recorded by the police.
You can find the report here: https://www.nspcc.org.uk/services-and-resources/research-and-resources/how-safe-are-our-children-2018
Making sense of relationships (NSPCC/PSHE Association)
The NSPCC and the PSHE Association have worked together to produce teacher resources for key stages 2-4 on personal safety and healthy relationships.
There is a teachers’ guide to help create a safe learning environment for the lessons, what to do if they receive a disclosure and where to signpost young people for help. The guide also includes a template letter to parents to inform them about the content and purpose of the lessons.
The topics include:
- transition to secondary school
- online safety and online friendships
- sexualised behaviour
- unhealthy relationships and
- sharing sexual images
At this time of year, there are three particularly useful lessons for Year 6 pupils as they move on to secondary schools. Their friendships and relationships change, bringing about many new and sometimes difficult challenges.
Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment (DfE, 2018) – Download the document here:https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/707653/Sexual_Harassment_and_Sexual_Violence_Advice.pdf
Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment between children guidance (2017, DfE)
The ‘Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment between children in schools and colleges’ guidance from the DfE, talks about the importance of educating children about consent. Here are a few resources that you might find useful.
SRE Website – From September 2019, government legislation requires all secondary schools to teach Relationships and Sex Education (RSE or SRE). Experts in the field have collaborated to create resources which are accredited by the PSHE Association. These are also completely free and available for use right now. The website, sponsored by Durex, can also give students and parents valuable guidance on how and where to get the kind of RSE that meets the needs of young people today.
Websites and Charities on Bereavement
Child Bereavement UK: https://childbereavementuk.org
Child Bereavement Network: http://www.childhoodbereavementnetwork.org.uk/
Marie Curie: https://www.mariecurie.org.uk/
Winston’s Wish: https://www.winstonswish.org/
Download the GDPR Schools’ Toolkit: Download the toolkit here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/data-protection-toolkit-for-schools
Outdoor Education – New Guidance
The Outdoor Education Advisers’ Panel (OEAP) who prepare national guidance for the management of outdoor learning, off-site visits and learning outside the classroom, have updated some of their information including:
- Using external providers and facilities
- Transport in Private Cars
- Guidance for Parents
- Parental Consent
- Underpinning Legal Framework and Duty of Care
- Natural water bathing
The OEAP website is a fantastic resource and should be on your web browser bookmarks list. You can find the updated guidance here: https://oeapng.info/ng-documents-updated/
Videos: Safeguarding Children (NSPCC)
The NSPCC has a collection of really well put together videos around a range of topics. Some of the ones I regularly use in training include:
What can we do about child abuse?
Protecting young people involved with gangs
Preventing Child Sexual Abuse
I saw your willy
Lucy and the boy
#DITTO eSafety Magazine (eSafety Advisor)
Alan Mackenzie is an excellent esafety advisor, and he writes a free downloadable magazine for teachers and parents called #DITTO. Alan can help you with advice, reviews, training and sessions for staff and governors, parents and children. Alan can even help you set up eCadets, a peer-led e-Safety programme.
The April 2018 edition of #DITTO is out now and covers privacy, skin gambling, online risky behaviour, gaming and the gaming app, Fortnite.
You can download #DITTO from Alan’s website here: http://www.esafety-adviser.com/latest-newsletter/
Mentally Healthy Schools website: https://www.mentallyhealthyschools.org.uk/
The DfE have talked more about preparing for the GDPR in their blogs for schools.
You can find all the articles here: https://teaching.blog.gov.uk/
Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse Concerns
In 2016, the government consulted on whether there should be a professional or criminal consequence for teachers, and other professionals. This week the DfE issued their response and have not implemented their proposal. Less than 12% of those responding said they supported mandatory reporting. The DfE said, ‘Feedback suggests that these additional measures could risk creating unnecessary burdens, divert attention from the most serious cases, hamper professional judgement, and potentially jeopardise the vital relationships between social workers and vulnerable families in their care.’
Prevent toolkit for schools (London Borough of Ealing): Download the toolkit here: www.egfl.org.uk/services-children/safeguarding/anti-radicalisation-prevent-duty
Body Image Resources
When we think of the impact of concerns about how teenagers look, we don’t always consider how boys feel. There is growing evidence that boys do care deeply about how they look, and it can be something that makes them feel bad. The Boys’ Biggest Conversation is a campaign to encourage teenagers and young men, across the UK, to talk about body image and the effect it has on their mental wellbeing. Website: http://boysbiggestconversation.com/
Teaching Resources: http://mediasmart.uk.com/resources/teaching-resources
The Mindful Me activity guide, developed with psychologists, and experts in body image and girl development, helps girls build body confidence and self-esteem. The activities included focus on body awareness, mindfulness, self-kindness, empowerment, and positive emotions. Download here: https://www.berealcampaign.co.uk/education-resources/11-activity-guide-for-mentors-of-girls-from-the-dove-self-esteem-project
Confident Me body-confidence teaching materials, from Dove, explore influences on young people’s body image and self-esteem. This collection of resources support five self-esteem workshops and address key topics, including the impact of society, professional and social media on appearance ideals, and give teachers strategies to boost students’ confidence. Download here: https://www.dove.com/uk/dove-self-esteem-project/school-workshops-on-body-image-confident-me/self-esteem-school-resources-confident-me-five-sessions.html
Free online anaphylaxis training
AllergyWise for Schools is a FREE online anaphylaxis training course from the Anaphylaxis Campaign, designed to ensure that key staff in schools are fully aware of the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis, how to provide emergency treatment and the implications for management of severely allergic children from Key Stages 1 to 5 in an education setting.
More information about the training course can be found here: https://allergywise.org.uk/
Free Posters about anaphylaxis: https://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/information-training/our-posters/
NEW Designated teacher for Looked After Children and Previously Looked After Children – Statutory Guidance (February 2018)
Download: Designated teacher for Looked After Children and Previously Looked After Children – Statutory Guidance (February 2018)
Download: Promoting the education of looked-after and previously looked-after children – Statutory Guidance (February 2018)
Sports minister introduces martial arts safeguarding code
The minister for sport, Tracey Crouch, has announced a safeguarding code for children attending martial arts clubs. The voluntary code being developed by Sport England, and will go live in June 2018. The code is being supported by British Taekwondo, the British Kickboxing Council, British Judo and the English Karate Council. Read more here:https://www.sportengland.org/our-work/safeguarding/safeguarding-in-martial-arts/
NSPCC Child Protection in Sport Unit
The NSPCC have dedicated resources for safeguarding children in sport. More details can be found here: https://thecpsu.org.uk/
Safeguarding in Athletics
Safeguarding In Cricket
Safeguarding in Football
Safeguarding in Gymnastics
Safeguarding in Netball
Safeguarding in Rugby
Safeguarding in Swimming
Outdoor Education Advisors Panel (OEAP)
The OEAP website is a fantastic resource for any kind of outdoor education, not only for more hazardous pursuits, but everyday activities too. The website is the hub for all the national guidance on off-site visits which can be found here: https://oeapng.info/
The recently published DfE guidance ‘Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment between children in schools and colleges’ says that schools should ensure that pupils understand a wide-range of issues around developing healthy relationships. One source of information schools can use are resources produced by the Home Office and the Government Equalities Office, called Disrespect Nobody.
The resources cover:
- What is Sexting?
- What is Relationship abuse?
- What is Consent?
- What is Rape?
- What is Porn?
The guidance says that schools should make available helplines that pupils could access themselves. The Dispect Nobody has a list of helplines that could be particularly useful for worries about relationships and sexual issues. There list can be found here:https://www.disrespectnobody.co.uk/need-help/
More information about the ‘Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment’ guidance:https://www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/sexual-violence-sexual-harassment-children-schools-colleges-dfe-2017/
PACT; Pact is a national charity that provides support to prisoners, people with convictions, and their families. They work towards building stronger families and safer communities. The Pact website – http://www.prisonadvice.org.uk – has many resources to help support school staff, young people and parents.
The Pact Helpline is available on 0808 808 3444 (Monday to Friday, 10am to 5pm); or by email to email@example.com
Education Support Partnership: The Education Support Partnership are the UK’s only charity dedicated to improving the health and wellbeing of the entire education workforce.
Education Support Partnership Helpline 08000 562 561 – Website: www.educationsupportpartnership.org.uk
Sleep and recovery: a toolkit for employers: (Business in the Community, Prince’s Responsible Business Network and Public Health England) Download: Sleep and recovery: a toolkit for employers
Early Years’ Staff Supervision
For staff in the Early Years, the EYFS framework, says that: ‘Providers must put appropriate arrangements in place for the supervision of staff who have contact with children and families. Effective supervision provides support, coaching and training for the practitioner and promotes the interests of children. Supervision should foster a culture of mutual support, teamwork and continuous improvement, which encourages the confidential discussion of sensitive issues’. (Statutory framework for the early years foundation stage (DfE, 2017) paragraph 3.21)
UPDATED Searching, screening and confiscation at school (DfE, January 2018)
The government’s ‘Searching, screening and confiscation at school’ guidance, has been updated. The latest document includes a new section, ‘Statutory guidance for dealing with electronic devices’. Other than this section, the previous guidance still holds.
A summary of the new section is below:
Staff may lawfully search electronic devices, without consent or parental permission, if there is a suspicion that the pupil has a device prohibited by school rules, or the staff member has good reason to suspect the device may be used to:
- cause harm,
- disrupt teaching,
- break school rules,
- commit an offence,
- cause personal injury, or
- damage property.
Any data, files or images that are believed to be illegal must be passed to the police as soon as practicable, including pornographic images of children, without deleting them.
Any data, files or images that are not believed to be unlawful, may be deleted or kept as evidence of a breach of the school’s behaviour policy.
The school’s policies should reflect this new guidance.
Download the guidance here: Searching, screening and confiscation at school (DfE, January 2018)
‘Searching, screening and confiscation at school (January 2018)’ must be read alongside the UKCCIS guidance, ‘Sexting in schools and colleges: Responding to incidents and safeguarding young people’ (January 2017)
There is further information about the UKCCIS guidance on my website here:https://www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/responding-sexting-schools-colleges-ukccis/
Children’s Mental Health Week (5th – 11th February 2018): You can find plenty of resources to celebrate mental health week on the the Place2Be website here: https://www.childrensmentalhealthweek.org.uk/schools-and-youth-groups/
Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools and colleges (DfE):
You can watch the video here: www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/sexual-violence-sexual-harassment-children-schools-colleges-dfe-2017
Check early years qualifications (DfE): All early years providers working with children from birth to 5 years old must follow the regulations on EYFS staff:child ratios. This is the number of qualified staff, at different qualification levels, an early years setting needs to have in order to meet the needs of all children and ensure their safety. The DfE have a page on their website to check what qualifications count for when including staff in the staffing ratio. The DfE have now clarified that early years apprentices do not count towards the EYFS staff:child ratios until they have qualified.
You can find the checklist page here: www.gov.uk/guidance/early-years-qualifications-finder
The Resource Vault (Children’s Society): Website: https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/mental-health-advice-for-children-and-young-people/the-advice-resource-vault
TV Advert: https://youtu.be/nMIKUsZjirA
Parents’ Pack for PANTS message: https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/keeping-children-safe/underwear-rule
Resources for teaching about Consent: https://www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/sexual-violence-sexual-harassment-children-schools-colleges-dfe-2017/
Safer Internet Day – Tuesday 6th February: https://www.saferinternet.org.uk/safer-internet-day/2018/education-packs
Managing a sudden death in the school community (LGfL)
Talking about death with your little one (CBeebies)
How to support a bereaved child (Video, Child Bereavement UK)
What helps grieving children and young people (pdf)